Battle Diagram: USS Constitution vs. HMS Java

Battle Diagram- USSC vs Java


This detailed ink and watercolor diagram of the battle between USS Constitution and HMS Java on December 29, 1812 was drawn by Charles Frederick Waldo. He was Constitution’s assistant sailing master stationed on the main fighting top during the battle. This bird’s eye view presented an excellent perspective from which to understand and describe the movement of the ships throughout the battle.Bat

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